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3IO          MY    COUNTRY   AND   MY    PEOPLE

Again, in the essay on "Sleep/' there is a beautiful section on
the art of taking afternoon naps:

The pleasure of an afternoon nap is double that of sleep at
night. This is especially to be recommended for summer, but
not for the other three seasons.   This is not because I am
favouring summer, but because a summer day is twice as
long as a winter day, and a summer night is not equal to
half a winter night. If a man rests only at night in summer,
that means he is spending one-quarter of his time in recuper-
ating and three-quarters in working.   How can a man's
energy last under this arrangement?   Besides, the summer
heat is intensive and naturally brings about fatigue.  It is as
natural to go to sleep in fatigue as to eat when hungry, or to
drink when thirsty. This is the soundest of all hygiene. After
the midday meal, he should wait a while until the food is
digested and then pace near the bed gradually.  He should
not have the idea of being determined to sleep, for if one sleeps
with that idea the sleep is not sweet. He should first attend
to something, and before the thing is done, a drowsiness
comes over him, and the people of the dreamland come to
beckon him, and he arrives at the fairy place without any
effort or consciousness of his own.  I like a line from an old
verse: "My hands when weary throw the book away and the
afternoon nap is long.5' When you hold a book in your hand,
you have no idea of going to sleep, and when you throw it
away, you have no idea of doing any reading.  That is why
you do it without any consciousness and without any effort.
This is the alpha and omega of the art of sleeping. . . .

When mankind knows the art of sleeping as Li Liweng describes
it, then mankind may truly call itself civilized.


Some of the principles of Chinese architecture have already
been explained in the discussion on this subject. The Chinese
house and garden, however, present a more intricate aspect